It is a personality disorder that is affecting a lot of individuals in the population. One of the not so common though is the narcissistic personality disorder. In the year 1968 was the area where this disorder was the first coined. A pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and a lack of empathy is what the disorder is medically defined as. When taking a look at the population then this one affects only about 1%.
When taking a look at this type of disorder then they are divided into five different types which are unprincipled narcissist, amorous narcissist, compensatory narcissist, elitist narcissist, and fanatic type. Falling into one of these categorize is what an individual will be once they are diagnosed having NPD. Once an individual will have unprincipled narcissism then it is them that will have antisocial features like being fraudulent, deceptive and exploitative. There is a histrionic feature that one will see once they will have an amorous narcissism. When taking a look at individuals with compensatory narcissism then it is them that will be exhibiting negativistic and avoidant features. And when an individual will show paranoid features then it is them that has a fanatic narcissism.
When taking a look at the subcategories of this disorder then experts categorize then into two and they are oblivious and hypervigilant. If an individual will be showing that they are grandiose, arrogant and thick-skinned then they belong to the oblivious type. But when an individual will be easily hurt, oversensitive and ashamed then they do belong to the hyervglinant.
There are no clear and exact cause of this disorder yet. But ma experts believed that there are a variety of factors that can lead to this disorder. When taking a look at the factors that can lead to the disorder then they are emotional abuse in the formative years, overindulgence, and excessive admiration particularly during childhood. Once you will look at the disorders then it will start to show during early adulthood and it will progress over a period of time. Just like any other disorder, it is this one that will also have complications like relationship and family problems and increasing dependence on alcohol or other drug.
When taking a look at treatment for NPD then one of the most effective that is being used is psychotherapy. It is with psychotherapy that there are two main goals that should be achieved. There are short term goals and that is to free the individual from substance abuse. And the long term goal is to change the person character. Some of the medications being used for this disorder are antidepressants and and-anxiety. For them to control depression and anxiety then it is these drugs that will be given.