One of the things which crops need for them to survive is water. During rainy seasons, crops get the water they need from the rainfall. Watering is important to the crops when it is not raining. The crops are watered through irrigation. During irrigation, water is supplied by an irrigation sprinkler. Apart from the sprinkler, pumps, and valves are needed during the irrigation. A good sprinkler is needed for effective irrigation. The size of the sprinkler should be big to ensure that it supplies to the whole garden.
For many years, a lot of people who grow crops have done irrigation as a way of watering them. Different irrigation methods are used when irrigating crops. However, not all irrigation methods are effective. The irrigation method to be chosen should be effective for your garden. You also need to know the different irrigation methods before settling on the one to use in your garden. For your irrigation to be effective, a number of things have to be put into consideration. Some of the factors which need to be considered when doing irrigation are discussed below.
Consider the type of soil in the garden where the crops are grown. The type of soil dictates which irrigation method is the best for the crops. The frequency in which you irrigate the crops is also determined by the type of soil . If the soil is sandy, irrigation should be done frequently. To avoid water runoff, you should not irrigate your crops frequently if they are grown on clay soils. Also, you should use a minimal amount of water if the garden has clay soil.
Put the land topography into consideration. The way the land is structured is what is known as the land’s topography. Flat, hilly and sloppy lands are the types of land which exist. You will be able to prevent water from being wasted during irrigation when you know how your land is structured. Drip irrigation is the type of irrigation which should be used on flat land. Pivot and traveler systems should not be used on hilly and sloppy as a lot of water will be wasted.
Consider the type of crops grown when you are irrigating. Sprinkler and drip systems are expensive. For you to get the value of what you purchase, you should irrigate high-value crops. Valuable crops such as fruits and vegetables are the plants which should be irrigated. Above is a discussion of some of the things which should be put in mind when irrigating.